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Caroline Fitzpatrick

Professeure, Faculté d'éducation

ÉDUCATION Enseignement au préscolaire et primaire


Sujet de recherche

Affective and Emotional Development, Behavioral Problems, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Development in Children, Community Health / Public Health

Disciplines de recherche

Psychoeducation, Psychology


Academic achievement, Child media, Classroom engagement, Executive functions, Learning behaviors, Self-regulation, Social developpement

Intérêts de recherche

Academic under achievement represents a costly social problem. Classroom enagagement indicative of executive functioning is a robust predictor of later academic performance. What remains to be examined is how contextual factors like teacher-child relations help sustain classroom engagement and achivement over the course of elementary school.

Langues parlées et écrites

Anglais, Français, Espagnol (castillan)


(2012). (Doctorate, Ph.D). Université de Montréal.

(2007). (Master's Thesis, Master of Arts - Masters). Concordia University.

(2004). (Bachelor's, Bachelor's of Arts). McGill University.

Expérience académique

Assistant professor. (2016-2020). Université Sainte-Anne. Canada.

Postdoctoral researcher. (2014-2015). Concordia University. Canada.

Postdoctoral researcher. (2013-2014). Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal. Canada.

Postdoctoral researcher. (2011-2013). New York University. United States.

Prix et distinctions

  • Research recognition award from the Quebec Institute of Statistics Emerging researcher that published the most with the QLSCD data. Institut de la statistique du Québec. (Distinction).


  • Grant. (Awarded). Principal Investigator. Comprehensive assessment of Media usage by Nova Scotia children and their families. Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation (NSHRF). Establishment grant. 149 755 $. (2019-2022)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Principal Investigator. Development of a Comprehensive Assessment of Child and Family Media Usage. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Insight development. 72 376 $. (2019-2021)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Principal Investigator. Examination of screen time habits in a sample of rural Nova Scotia preschoolers.. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Insight. 3 998 $. (2018-2019)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Co-investigator. Adolescent injury, substance use, and mental health: An exploration of rates, determinants, and comorbidities in Canadian survey data. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). Operating Grant: Analyses of Existing Canadian Cohorts & Databases. 69 909 $. (2017-2018)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Principal Applicant. Piloting of a digital diary to measure child and family media usage. Université Sainte-Anne. Start grant. 3 300 $. (2017-2018)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Principal Applicant. Associations between media use in adolescence and mental and physical health outcomes. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Insight program. 2 994 $. (2017-2018)
  • Grant. (Completed). Principal Investigator. Child Nature Initiative. Fulbright Foundation. Eco-leadership grant. 2 400 $. (2016-2016)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Principal Applicant. L’usage des écrans durant l'enfance et l'adolescence et le risque de TDAH et de comportement de prise de risque à l’adolescence. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Insight. 3 968 $.


Articles de revue

  • Barr, R., Kirkorian, H., Radesky, J., Coyne, S., Nichols, D., Blanchfield, O. ….Fitzpatrick, C. (2020). Beyond Screen Time: A synergistic approach to amore comprehensive assessment of family media exposure during early childhood. Plos One N/A N/A. (Revision Requested).
  • Fitzpatrick, C. Boers, E., & Pagani, L. (2020). KindergartenReadiness, Later Health, and Social Costs. Pediatrics 146 DOI. (Accepted).
  • Fitzpatrick C., Burkhalter R., Asbridge M. (2019). Adolescent media use and its association to wellbeing in a Canadian national sample. Preventive Medicine Reports. 14 100867. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick. C., Burkhalter, R., Asbridge. (2019). Adolescent media use and its association to wellbeing in a Canadian national sample. Preventive Medicine Reports N/A (N/A), N/A. (Revision Requested).
  • Fitzpatrick, C., Burkhalter, R., Asbridge., M. (2019). Characteristics of Canadian youth adhering to physical activity and screen time recommendations. Journal of School Nursing 1 1-10. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick, C., Archambault, I., Barnett, T.A., Pagani, L.S. (2019). Child and parent predictors of patterns of classroom engagement in elementary school. Journal of Psychology in the Schools N/A (N/A), N/A. (Submitted).
  • Ribner, A., Harvey, E, Gervais R.,Fitzpatrick, C. (2019). Explaining school entry math and reading achievement in Canadian children using the Opportunity-Propensity framework. Learning and Instruction 59 65-75. (Published).
  • Wang, A. & Fitzpatrick, C. (2019). Which early childhood experiences and skills predict kindergarten working memory?. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 40 40-48. (Published).
  • Harbec, M-J., Simonato, I., Lévesque-Seck, F., Fitzpatrick, C., Pagani, L. (2018). Bébés Télévores: Les risques à long terme. École des parents 625 40-43. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Alexander S, Henderson M, Barnett BA. (2018). Prospective associations between play environments and pediatric obesity. American Journal of Health Promotion 11 1-8. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Coté-Lussier C, Pagani LS. (2018). Ready for kindergarten: are intelligence skills enough?. Early Education and Development 8 1-8. (Revision Requested).
  • Alexander, S.A., Fitzpatrick, C., Barnett. (2017). Are some inequalities amplified through the differential access to play opportunities at school? A call to level the playing field. Canadian Journal of Public Health. 107 583-858. (Published).
  • Pagani, L.S., & Fitzpatrick, C. (2017). Children’s early disruptive behavior predicts later coercive behavior and binge drinking by mothers. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 39 15-20. (Published).
  • Ribner A, Fitzpatrick C, Blair C. (2017). Family socioeconomic status moderates effects of television exposure on school readiness skills. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 38 233-239. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Datta GD, Henderson M, Grey-Donald K, & Barnett TA. (2017). School food environments associated with adiposity in children attending Canadian urban schools. International Journal of Obesity 41 1005-1010. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Coté-Lussier C, & Blair C. (2016). Dressed and groomed for success in elementary school: student appearance and academic adjustment. The Elementary School Journal 117 30-45. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Ohgia M, Melki J, Pagani, LS. (2016). Early exposure to media violence: what parents and policy makers ought to know. South African Journal of Childhood Education 6 223-240. (Published).
  • Côté-Lussier, C & Fitzpatrick, C. (2016). Feelings of safety at school, socio-emotional functioning and classroom engagement. Journal of Adolescent Health 58 543-555. (Published).
  • Pagani LS, Lévesque-Seck F, Fitzpatrick C. (2016). Prospective associations between televiewing in toddlerhood and later self-reported social impairment. Psychological Medicine 46 3329-3337. (Published).
  • Piché, G., Fitzpatrick, C., & Pagani, L. S. (2015). Associations between extracurricular activity and self- regulation: A longitudinal study from 5 to 10 years of age. American Journal of Health Promotion 30 32-40. (Published).
  • Pagani LS, Fitzpatrick C. (2015). Early childhood household smoke exposure predicts less task-oriented classroom behavior at age 10. Health Education & Behavior 58 543-550. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Pagani LS, Barnett TA. (2015). Maternal smoking predicts waist circumference and skin-fold measures by middle-childhood. Journal of Medical Research 2015 1-14. (Published).
  • Côté-Lussier C, Fitzpatrick C, Séguin L., Barnett, T. (2015). Poor, insecure, and overweight: The carry-home effects of feeling unsafe at school on youth screen time, physical activity and weight status. American Journal of Epidemiology 182 67-79. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Archambaut I, Janosz M, & Pagani LS. (2015). Preschool working memory forecasts high school dropout risk. Intelligence 53 160-165. (Published).
  • Pagani LS, Nguyen A K D, Fitzpatrick C. (2015). Prospective associations between early long-term household secondhand smoke exposure and subsequent indicators of metabolic risk at age 10. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 43 584-591. (Published).
  • Watt E, Fitzpatrick C, Derevenski, J. & Pagani LS. (2015). Too much television? Prospective associations between early childhood televiewing and later self-reports of victimization by sixth grade classmates. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 36 426-433. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, McKinnon R, Willoughby M, Blair C. (2014). Do executive function skills account for the achievement gap between advantaged and disadvantaged children. Learning and Instruction 30 25-30. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C. (2013). Bridging the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged children: Why should we be concerned with executive functions in the South African context ?. South African Journal of Childhood Education (Submitted).
  • Pagani LS , Fitzpatrick C. (2013). Children's school readiness: implications for eliminating future disparities in health and education. Health Education & Behavior 41 25-33. (Published).
  • Pagani LS , Fitzpatrick C , Barnett TA. (2013). Early childhood television viewing and kindergarten entry readiness. Pediatric Research 74 (3), 350-355. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C. (2013). Harm reduction intervention for child violent media consumption. Journal of Pediatrics 164 4. (Accepted).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Côté-Lussier C, Pagani LS, Blair C. (2013). I don’t think you like me: child minority status and disadvantage predict relationship quality with teachers. Youth & Society 47 (5), 1-17. (Published).
  • Pagani LS , Fitzpatrick C. (2013). Prospective associations between early long-term household tobacco smoke exposure and antisocial behaviour in later childhood. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 67 (7), 425-431. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C , Pagani LS. (2013). Task-oriented kindergarten behavior pays off in later childhood. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 34 (2), (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Pagani LS, Barnett TA. (2012). Early childhood television viewing predicts explosive leg strength and waist circumference by middle childhood. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 9 (2), 80-94. (Published).
  • Piché G, Fitzpatrick C, Pagani LS. (2012). Kindergarten self-regulation skills as predictors of body mass index and physical exercise in the fourth grade students. Mind, Brain, and Education 6 16-26. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C , Barnett TA , Pagani LS. (2012). Parental bad habits breed bad behaviors in youth: exposure to gestational smoke and child impulsivity. International Journal of Psychophysiology 32 (1), (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C. (2012). Ready or not? Kindergarten classroom engagement as an indicator of child school readiness. South African Journal of Childhood Education 2 1-32. (Published).
  • Pagani LS , Fitzpatrick C , Parent S. (2012). Relating kindergarten attention to subsequent developmental pathways of classroom engagement in elementary school. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 40 (5), (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C, Pagani LS. (2012). Toddler working memory skills predict kindergarten school readiness. Intelligence 40 205-212. (Published).
  • Archambault I, Pagani LS, Fitzpatrick, C. (2012). Transactional associations between classroom engagement and relations with teachers from first through fourth grade. Learning and Instruction 23 1-9. (Published).
  • Fitzpatrick C. (2012). What if we considered a novel dimension of school readiness? The importance of classroom engagement for early adjustment to school. Education as Change 16 313-335. (Published).
  • Pagani, L.S., Fitzpatrick, C., Barnett, T., & Dubow, E. (2010). Prospective associations between early childhood television exposure and academic, psychosocial, and physical well-being by middle childhood. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 164 (Published).
  • Pagani, L.S., Fitzpatrick, C., Archambault, I., & Janosz, M. (2010). School readiness and later school success: A replication and extension using a Canadian French speaking sample. Developmental Psychology 164 (Published).

Chapitres de livre

  • Fitzpatrick, C., & Harvey, E. (2020). De l’enfance à l’adolescence : violence virtuelle et ses répercussions sur les comportements agressifs. Nancy Gaudreau. Les conduites agressives à l’école: Comprendre pour mieux intervenir Canada : Presse de l’Université du Québec. (Submitted).
  • Fitzpatrick, C. Ribner, Ragpot, L. (2020). Executive Functions in the South African early grade learner: Foundations for student teachers. Elizabeth Henning Sarah Gravitt. Exploring South African Primary School Teacher Education Perspectives on Education in Africa United Kingdom : Routledge. (Submitted).

Articles de journaux

  • (2015). Deaths like Alain Magloire's are preventable. Montreal Gazette.

Articles de magazine

  • (2013). L’impact sur l’enfant de la violence à l’écran. Revue Non-violence Actualité. (329).


  • Pagani LS, Fitzpatrick C, Belleau L, Janosz M. (2011). Predicting academic achievement in fourth grade from kindergarten cognitive, behavioral, and motor skills. Institut de la statistique du Québec. 11 p.

Autres contributions

Gestion d'évènements

  • Main organizer. (2017) Abuse related shame and mental health/addiction problems in adolescents receiving protective services. (Conference).
  • Main organizer. (2017) Community-based evaluations involving youth: drawing lessons from research on family-centered treatments for aggression, solution-focused treatment for mental health problems, and benefits of arts programming in low-income communities. (Conference).
  • Main organizer. (2016) Nature's friends: a nature-based activity day for preschoolers. (Workshop).

Activités de collaboration internationale

  • Research collaborator. Lebanon. I have collaborated on a research project with Professor Jad Melki of the Psychology and Media department at the American University of Beirut which examines the importance of media literacy in preschool-aged children.
  • Reviewer. South Africa. Review of researcher quality and grants for South Africa’s National Research Foundation (NSF).
  • Researcher. United States. Since 2016, I am a member of the CAFÉ consortium, which comprises researchers from 8 countries. The consortium’s mission, lead by PI Rachel Barr at Georgetown University is to develop a comprehensive assessment of family media exposure. As a member of the CAFÉ consortium I benefit from access to a data scientist who is tasked with the cleaning and compiling of study variables and who will also be available to provide analytic consultation. The CAFÉ materials have been translated into 5 languages and are currently being translated into French. Finally, CAFÉ has implemented a shared data platform across collection sites. Our objective in data sharing is to help accelerate and facilitate scientific discoveries in this field.
  • Researcher. United States. Since 2016, I have been collaborating with Aubrey Wang (Saint-Joseph's University) on empirically validating and extending the opportunity propensity model of early achievement with Canadian and American data sets.


  • (2020). Adolescent Media Habits and Mental Health. Neuroscience seminars. Canada
  • (2020). Le bien-être digital chez les enfants Québécois à l’âge préscolaire. Consultation sur l’utilisation des écrans et la santé des jeunes. Canada
  • Ragpot, L. (2019). Associations between classroom engagement skills and academic achievement in a sample of South African learners. Mathematical Cognition and Learning Society Conference. Canada
  • Ragpot, L. Bezuidenhout, H.,& Henning, E.,. (2019). Children’s Number concept development and mathematics vocabulary in kindergarten. Mathematical Cognition and Learning Society Conference. Canada
  • Bezuidenhout, H., Henning, E., & Ragpot, L. (2019). Early Mathematics Vocabulary: Contribution to Number Concept Development. Southern African Association for Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education. Durban, South Africa
  • (2019). Faire le point sur l'usage des écrans par les enfants. Colloque du Réseau de la recherche sur la francophonie canadienne. Canada
  • (2019). Grandir dans un monde digital : conséquences du temps d’écran sur les enfants et les adolescents. Cerveau et Psychologie. Canada
  • Pagani, L. S. (2019). Kindergarten Classroom Engagement skills Predict Wellbeing at the end of High School. International Academy for Research in Learning Disabilities. Greece
  • Pagani, L. S. (2019). Kindergarten classroom engagement and productivity: a long-term follow-up study. World Education Research Association Meeting. Japan
  • (2019). Le temps écran durant l’enfance et l’adolescence: Un passe-temps sans conséquences?. Public lecture delivered at Université Sainte-Anne. Canada
  • Wang, A. (2019). Which family activities predict child self-regulated learning at early elementary school?. Society for Research in Child Development. Baltimore, United States
  • Ragpot, L., Collins, C.M., Lamb, T., & Fitzpatrick, C. (2018). Do executive functions contribute to the academic achievement of South African kindergarten learners? A preliminary study. International Academy for Research in Learning Disabilities. Ghent, Belgium
  • Brideau, M., Brideau-Corminer, V., Gervais, R. (2018). Frequency of physical education classes and adolescent depression symptoms. American Education Research Association. New York, United States
  • Wang, A. (2018). How do preschool skills, experiences, and sociodemographic characteristics explain the development of working memory?. Life History Research Society Conference. Paris, France
  • Wang, A. (2018). Self-Regulation development and parental knowledge of child development, family activities, and sociodemographic characteristics. Society for Research in Child Development Special Topics Meeting: DEVSEC Conference on the Use of Secondary and Open Source Data in Developmental Science. Phoenix, United States
  • Ragpot, L. (2017). Executive functions and working memory in early Learning. Winter School for teachers and researchers. Johannesburg, South Africa
  • (2017). Exercer le cerveau : Comment influencer les pensées, les émotions et les actions des enfants d’âge préscolaire pour améliorer leur ajustement psychosocial. Centre Provincial de Resource Préscolaire Personal Development Day. Dartmouth, Canada
  • Harvey, E., Ribner, A., McKinnon, R. (2017). Extending the O-P framework to explain school readiness in Canadian children. Society for Research in Child Development. Austin, United States
  • Aymar, T., Brideau-Cormier, V., Gervais, R. (2017). Frequency of physical education courses and high school student classroom engagement. rossroads Interdisciplinary Health Research Conference. Halifax, Canada
  • (2017). Le fonctionnement exécutif et l’apprentissage de 0 à 6 ans. Centre Provincial de Resource Préscolaire Personal Development Day. Dartmouth, Canada
  • (2016). Exercer la Mémoire de travail et le fonctionnement exécutif pour améliorer les résultats scolaires à l’école primaire. Congrès de l’association provinciale des professeurs d'immersion et du programme francophone de Colombie-Britannique. Vancouver, Canada
  • Alexander S, Barnett TA. (2016). Fair Play? Variations in the quality of active play environments in Canadian elementary schools contribute to patterns of elementary school learning behavior. Society for Research on Adolescence. Baltimore, United States
  • Archambault I, Janozs M, & Pagani LS. (2016). Forecasting high school dropout risk from preschool executive functions. Life History Meeting. Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • (2016). Training working memory and executive functions to improve academic achievement in elementary school. Learning Assistance Teacher’s Association conference. Vancouver, Canada
  • Ribner A, Blair C. (2015). Family income moderates the effect of television exposure on math and executive function. Cognitive Development Society Meeting. Colombus, United States
  • (2015). Les écrans durant la petite enfance et le TDAH: le rôle du fonctionnement exécutif. Colloque sur le temps écran. Trois Rivière, Canada
  • (2015). Predictors and Outcomes of Executive Functions: A Public Health Approach. Public lecture series, University of Johannesburg. Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Datta GD, Henderson M, Grey-Donald K, Barnett TA. (2014). From healthful to less healthful: not all schools get a top grade for their food environments. Society for Research in Child Development: Special Topics Meeting on Positive Youth Development. Prague, Czech Republic
  • Archambault I, Barnett TA, & Pagani L. (2014). Parental and child characteristics contribute to patterns of elementary school learning behavior. Life History Meeting. Pittsburgh, United States
  • Fitzpatrick C. (2013). Getting ahead despite challenging circumstances: predicting women’s success in the workforce. United Nations Headquarters. Task Force on Gender Equality Lunch and Learn. New York, United States
  • Côté-Lussier C, Pagani L, Blair C. (2012). I know you don’t like me very much. Life History Meeting. London, United Kingdom
  • Fitzpatrick C. (2012). Testing of young children and school readiness: what can we gain by considering executive functions?. Public lecture delivered at the University of Johannesburg, Center for Education Practice and Research, 2012. Johannesburg, South Africa. Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Fitzpatrick C. (2012). Toddler executive function skills are prospectively associated with math, verbal, and classroom engagement skill at kindergarten entry. Early Childhood Development Conference. Grahamstown, South Africa
  • Pagani LS, Fitzpatrick C. (2012). Where there is smoke there is fire. Life History Meeting. Richmond Hill, United Kingdom
  • Fitzpatrick C, Pagani LS. (2011). Compelling evidence that child impulsivity in fourth grade is predicted by maternal smoking during pregnancy. Society for Applied Neuroscience Meeting. Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Fitzpatrick C, Pagani LS. (2011). Do working memory skills at 29 months predict classroom engagement skills at the end of kindergarten?. Society for Research on Child Development. Montreal, Canada
  • Fitzpatrick C, Barnett TA, Pagani L. (2011). Early childhood exposure to media violence: what parents and policy-makers ought to know. Arab-US Association for Communication Educators annual conference. Beirut, Lebanon
  • Fitzpatrick, C, Pagani LS. (2011). Early executive functions as predictors of kindergarten classroom engagement behavior. Society for Applied Neuroscience Meeting. Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Fitzpatrick C, Janosz M, Pagani LS. (2011). Les habiletés cognitives et motrices comme indicateurs de la maturité scolaire. Société Québécoise de recherché en psychologie. Quebec City, Canada