BaladoCritique : Club de lecture médical est une baladodiffusion (podcast) francophone mensuelle qui analyse et commente les études récentes d’impact majeur en médecine interne. Ces articles sont sélectionnés par un groupe d’experts en lecture critique de l’Université de Sherbrooke et de l’Université Laval en fonction du potentiel de changement de pratique en médecine familiale/médecine interne. Nous espérons que cet outil facilitera le transfert de nouvelles connaissances médicales aux professionnels de la santé et améliorera ainsi votre pratique médicale.

Épisode 20 : Antibiothérapie dans l'endocardite infectieuse (étude POET)

Diffusé le 22 novembre 2018

Dans cette 20e baladodiffusion, les Drs Luc Lanthier et Alex Carignan discutent d’antibiothérapie dans l’endocardite infectieuse (étude POET), en plus de réviser la littérature médicale de septembre et octobre 2018.

Quiz clinique (1 min 15), présentation 1e article (1 min 35), critique (21 min 35), autres articles (29 min 10), réponse au quiz clinique (35 min 40)

Référence principale

Iversen K, Ihlemann N, Gill SU, Madsen T, Elming H, Jensen KT, et al. Partial Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotic Treatment of Endocarditis. N Engl J Med. 2018. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1808312. PubMed PMID: 30152252.

Infographie

Articles associés

Baddour LM, Wilson WR, Bayer AS, Fowler VG, Jr., Tleyjeh IM, Rybak MJ, et al. Infective Endocarditis in Adults: Diagnosis, Antimicrobial Therapy, and Management of Complications: A Scientific Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015;132(15):1435-86. PubMed PMID: 26373316.

Habib G, Lancellotti P, Antunes MJ, Bongiorni MG, Casalta JP, Del Zotti F, et al. 2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis: The Task Force for the Management of Infective Endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Endorsed by: European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM). Eur Heart J. 2015;36(44):3075-128. PubMed PMID: 26320109.

Cahill TJ, Prendergast BD. Infective endocarditis. Lancet. 2016;387(10021):882-93. PubMed PMID : 26341945.

Toyoda N, Chikwe J, Itagaki S, Gelijns AC, Adams DH, Egorova NN. Trends in Infective Endocarditis in California and New York State, 1998-2013. JAMA. 2017;317(16):1652-60. PubMed PMID: 28444279.

Selton-Suty C, Celard M, Le Moing V, Doco-Lecompte T, Chirouze C, Iung B, et al. Preeminence of Staphylococcus aureus in infective endocarditis: a 1-year population-based survey. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54(9):1230-9. PubMed PMID: 22492317.

Duval X, Delahaye F, Alla F, Tattevin P, Obadia JF, Le Moing V, et al. Temporal trends in infective endocarditis in the context of prophylaxis guideline modifications: three successive population-based surveys. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012;59(22):1968-76PubMed PMID: 22624837.

Pepin J, Tremblay V, Bechard D, Rodier F, Walker C, Dufresne D, et al. Chronic antiplatelet therapy and mortality among patients with infective endocarditis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15(2):193-9. PubMed PMID: 19196260.

Capsule méthodologique

Mauri L, D'Agostino RB, Sr. Challenges in the Design and Interpretation of Noninferiority Trials. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(14):1357-67. PubMed PMID: 28976859.

Autres articles d'intérêt récents

Chu DK, Kim LHY, Young PJ, Zamiri N, Almenawer SA, Jaeschke R, et al. Mortality and morbidity in acutely ill adults treated with liberal versus conservative oxygen therapy (IOTA): a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2018;391(10131):1693-705. PubMed PMID : 29726345

Khan NA, Rabkin SW, Zhao Y, McAlister FA, Park JE, Guan M, et al. Effect of Lowering Diastolic Pressure in Patients With and Without Cardiovascular Disease: Analysis of the SPRINT (Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial). Hypertension. 2018;71(5):840-7. PubMed PMID: 29581214

Lee TC, Cavalcanti RB, McDonald EG, Pilote L, Brophy JM. Diastolic Hypotension May Attenuate Benefits from Intensive Systolic Targets: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Med. 2018;131(10):1228-33. PubMed PMID: 29906425

Lipska KJ, Parker MM, Moffet HH, Huang ES, Karter AJ. Association of Initiation of Basal Insulin Analogs vs Neutral Protamine Hagedorn Insulin With Hypoglycemia-Related Emergency Department Visits or Hospital Admissions and With Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. JAMA. 2018;320(1):53-62. PubMed PMID: 29936529

Larochelle MR, Bernson D, Land T, Stopka TJ, Wang N, Xuan Z, et al. Medication for Opioid Use Disorder After Nonfatal Opioid Overdose and Association With Mortality: A Cohort Study. Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(3):137-45. PubMed PMID: 29913516

Pengo V, Denas G, Zoppellaro G, Jose SP, Hoxha A, Ruffatti A, et al. Rivaroxaban vs warfarin in high-risk patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. Blood. 2018;132(13):1365-1371. PMID: 30002145.

Investigators S-H, Newby DE, Adamson PD, Berry C, Boon NA, Dweck MR, et al. Coronary CT Angiography and 5-Year Risk of Myocardial Infarction. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(10):924-33. PubMed PMID: 30145934.

Maurer MS, Schwartz JH, Gundapaneni B, Elliott PM, Merlini G, Waddington-Cruz M, et al. Tafamidis Treatment for Patients with Transthyretin Amyloid Cardiomyopathy. N Engl J Med. 2018;379(11):1007-16. PubMed PMID: 30145929.

Salminen P, Tuominen R, Paajanen H, Rautio T, Nordstrom P, Aarnio M, et al. Five-Year Follow-up of Antibiotic Therapy for Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis in the APPAC Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018;320(12):1259-65. PubMed PMID: 30264120.

Devereux G, Cotton S, Fielding S, McMeekin N, Barnes PJ, Briggs A, et al. Effect of Theophylline as Adjunct to Inhaled Corticosteroids on Exacerbations in Patients With COPD: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2018;320(15):1548-59. PubMed PMID: 30326124.

Guide de pratique récents

Lamontagne F, Rochwerg B, Lytvyn L, Guyatt GH, Moller MH, Annane D, et al. Corticosteroid therapy for sepsis: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ. 2018;362:k3284. PubMed PMID: 30097460

Al-Khatib SM, Stevenson WG, Ackerman MJ, Bryant WJ, Callans DJ, Curtis AB, et al. 2017 AHA/ACC/HRS Guideline for Management of Patients With Ventricular Arrhythmias and the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death: Executive Summary. Circulation. 2018;138(13):e210-e71. PubMed PMID: 29084733.

Williams B, Mancia G, Spiering W, Agabiti Rosei E, Azizi M, Burnier M, et al. 2018 ESC/ESH Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J. 2018;39(33):3021-104. PubMed PMID: 30165516.

Siemieniuk RAC, Chu DK, Kim LH, Guell-Rous MR, Alhazzani W, Soccal PM, et al. Oxygen therapy for acutely ill medical patients: a clinical practice guideline. BMJ. 2018;363:k4169. PubMed PMID: 30355567.

Tobe SW, Stone JA, Anderson T, Bacon S, Cheng AYY, Daskalopoulou SS, et al. Canadian Cardiovascular Harmonized National Guidelines Endeavour (C-CHANGE) guideline for the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease in primary care: 2018 update. CMAJ. 2018;190(40):E1192-E206. PubMed PMID: 30301743.

Feller-Kopman DJ, Reddy CB, DeCamp MM, Diekemper RL, Gould MK, Henry T, et al. Management of Malignant Pleural Effusions. An Official ATS/STS/STR Clinical Practice Guideline. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018;198(7):839-49. PubMed PMID: 30272503.

Référence du quiz clinique

Islami F, Goding Sauer A, Miller KD, Siegel RL, Fedewa SA, Jacobs EJ, et al. Proportion and number of cancer cases and deaths attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors in the United States. CA Cancer J Clin. 2018;68(1):31-54. PubMed PMID: 29160902.