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John William Shipley

Professeur, Faculté des sciences

FAC. SCIENCES Biologie

Présentation

Sujet de recherche

Biodiversity and Biocomplexity, Ecological and Ecophysiological Processes, Environment and Habitats, Plants

Disciplines de recherche

Biology and Related Sciences, Statistics

Mots-clés

community assembly, functional ecology, plant ecology, Plant ecophysiology, statistical modelling, trait-based ecology

Intérêts de recherche

Modelling the interactions between physiological, morphological and ecological attributes that determine differences in relative growth rate in plants.

Langues parlées et écrites

Anglais, Français

Diplômes

(1991). (Post-doctorate, Postdoctorate). McGill University.

(1987). (Doctorate, Ph.D.). University of Ottawa.

(1983). (Bachelor's, Bachelor). Bishop's University.

Financement

  • Grant. (Awarded). Principal Investigator. From plant traits to plant communities. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). Discovery. 200 000 $. (2019-2024)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Co-applicant. Accelerating innovations to adapt agro-environments to climate change: The Eastern Canadian Plant Phenotyping Platform. Canadian Foundation for Innovation. Innovation fund. 23 798 545 $. (2018-2023)
  • Grant. (Completed). Principal Investigator. Identifying species and planting conditions to revegetate mixed mine tailings at the Whabouchi site operated by Nemaska Lithium in Northern Quebec. Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS). Accelerate. 30 000 $. (2019-2020)
  • Grant. (Completed). Co-applicant. Développement d'une approche durable de restauration progressive d'extrants miniers mixtes (stériles et résidus) des nouvelles mines du Nord Québecois; les espèces végétales indigènes à la rencontre des besoins des communautés cries.. Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies (FRQNT). Projets de recherche orientée en partenariat. 299 969 $. (2016-2019)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Co-applicant. Centre d'étude de la forêt. Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies (FRQNT). Regroupements Stratégiques. 2 844 000 $. (2013-2019)
  • Grant. (Awarded). Co-applicant. Centre de Recherche en Écologie Terrestre. Fonds Institutionnel de Recherche de l'Université de Sherbrooke. Programme de financement interne. 90 000 $. (2016-2018)
  • Grant. (Completed). Principal Applicant. Test de généralisation d'une méthode de quantification de fertilité du sol. Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS). 6 000 $. (2018-2018)
  • Grant. (Completed). Co-applicant. Vehicles and mobile laboratory for field research in ecology / Véhicules et laboratoire mobile pour la recherche de terrain en écologie. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). equipment. 110 651 $. (2017-2018)

Publications

Articles de revue

  • Douma, J. C. Shipley, B. (2021). A multi-group extension to piecewise path analysis. Ecosphere (Accepted).
  • Shipley, B. Douma, J. C. (2021). Testing piecewise structural equations models in the presence of latent variables and including correlated errors. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal (Accepted).
  • Shipley, B. Tardif, A. (2020). Causal hypotheses accounting for correlations between decomposition rates of different mass fractions of leaf litter. Ecology (In Press).
  • Gagnon,V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Tardif, A., Beaudin, J., Greer, C. W., Shipley, B., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020). Differences in elemental composition of tailings, soils, and plant tissues following five decades of native plant colonization on a mine site in Northwestern Quebec. Chemosphere 250 126243. (Published).
  • Laigle, I., Moretti, M., Rousseau, L., Gravel, D., Venie, L., Handa, I. T., Messier, C., Morris, D., Hazlett, P., Fleming, R., Webster, K., Shipley, B., Aubin, I. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of forest anthropogenic disturbance on above and below ground communities and ecosystem function. Ecosystems (Accepted).
  • Laigle, I. Moretti, M. Rousseau, L. Gravel, D. Venie, L. Handa, I. T. Messier, C. Morris, D. Hazlett, P. Fleming, R. Webster, K. Shipley, B. Aubin, I. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of forest anthropogenic disturbance on above and below ground communities and ecosystem function. Ecosystems (Accepted).
  • Juhasz, C.-C., Shipley, B., Gauthier, G., Lecomte, N. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of regional and local climatic factors on trophic interactions in the Arctic tundra. Journal of Animal Eclogy 89 704-715. (Published).
  • Cardou, F., Aubin, I., Bergeron, A., Shipley, B. (2020). Functional markers to predict woodland ecosystem properties along a rural-to-urban gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science 31 416-428. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., Douma, J.C. (2020). Generalized AIC and chi-squared statistics forpath models consistent with directed acyclic graphs. Ecology 101 (e02960), (In Press).
  • Doau, L. Shipley, B. (2020). Simplifying the protocol for the quantification of generalized soil fertility gradients in plant community ecology. Plant & Soil 457 457-468. (Published).
  • Gagnon,V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Migneault, M., Tardif, A., Garneau, L., Lalonde, S., Beaudin, J., Shipley, B., Greer, C. W., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020). Survival, growth and element translocation by four plant species growing on acidogenic gold mine tailing in Québec. Ecological Engineering 151 105855. (In Press).
  • Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Díaz, S., Lavorel, et al. (2020). TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology 26 119– 188. (Published).
  • Li, Y., Yuan Jiang, Y., Shipley, B., Li, B., Luo, W., Chen, Y., Zhao, K., He, D., Rodríguez-Hernández, D. I., Chu, C. (2020). The complexity of trait-environment performance landscapes in a local subtropical forest. New Phytologist (In Press).
  • Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2019). Both habitat filtering and limiting similarity determine the patterns of functional niche occupation in herbaceous plant communities along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Annals of Botany 124 861-867. (Published).
  • Kumordzi, B., Aubin, I., Cardou, F., Shipley, B., Violle, C., Johnstone, J., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Brousseau, M., De-Grandpre, L., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N., Gravel, D., Macdonald, S., Hamel, B., Higelin, M., Hebert, F., Isabel, N., Mallik, A., Mcintosh, A., McLaren, J., Messier, C., Morris, D., Thiffault, N., Tremblay, J.-P., Munson, A. (2019). Geographic scale and disturbance influence intraspecific trait variability in leaves and roots of North American understory plants. Functional Ecology 33 1771–178. (Published).
  • Tardif, A., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Gagnon, V., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Bellenger, J.-P. (2019). The relative importance of abiotic conditions and subsequent land use on the boreal primary succession of acidogenic mine tailings. Ecological Engineering 127 66-74. (Published).
  • Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2018). Community divergence and convergence along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Ecology 99 775-781. (Published).
  • Casals, P., Valor, T., Rios, A.I., Shipley, B. (2018). Leaf and bark functional traits predict resprouting strategies of understory woody species after prescribed fires. Forest Ecology and Management 426 158–174. (Published).
  • Belluau, M., Shipley, B. (2018). Linking hard and soft traits: Physiology,morphology and anatomy interact to determine habitat affinities to soil wateravailability in herbaceous dicots. PLoS ONE 13 e0193130. (Published).
  • Doau*, L. Shipley, B. (2018). The measurement and quantification of generalized gradients of soil fertility relevant to plant community ecology. Ecology 100 e02549. (Published).
  • Loranger, J.*, Munoz, F., Shipley, B., Violle, C. (2018). What makes trait-abundance relationships when both environmental filtering and stochastic neutral dynamics are in play?. Oikos 127 1735-1745. (Published).
  • Li*, Y.*, Shipley, B., Price, J.N., Dantas, V., Tamme, R., Westoby, M., Siefert, A., Schamp, B.S., Spasojevic, M.J., Jung, V., Laughlin, D.C., Richardson, S.J., Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y., Schöb, C., Gazol, A., Prentice, H.C., Gross, N., Overton, J., Cianciaruso, M.V., Louault, F., Kamiyama, C., Nakashizuka, T., Hikosaka, K., Sasaki, T., Katabuchi, M., Frenette Dussault*, C., Gaucherand, S., Chen, N., Vandewalle, M., Batalha, .M.A. (2017). . Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide. Journal of Ecology 106 1001-1009. (Published).
  • Li, Y. Shipley, B. (2017). An experimental test ofCSR theory using a globally calibrated ordination method. PLoS ONE 12 e0175404. (Published).
  • Li, Y., Shipley, B., Price, J.N., Dantas, V., Tamme, R., Westoby, M., Siefert, A., Schamp, B.S., Spasojevic, M.J., Jung, V., Laughlin, D.C., Richardson, S.J., Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y., Schöb, C., Gazol, A., Prentice, H.C., Gross, N., Overton, J., Cianciaruso, M.V., Louault, F., Kamiyama, C., Nakashizuka, T., Hikosaka, K., Sasaki, T., Katabuchi, M., Frenette Dussault*, C., Gaucherand, S., Chen, N., Vandewalle, M., Batalha, .M.A. (2017). Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide. Journal of Ecology (In Press).
  • Davidson-Jewell, M., Shipley, B., Low-Décarie, E., Tobner, C., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P. B. (2017). Partitioning the effect of composition and diversity of tree communities on leaf litter decomposition and soil respiration. Oikos 126 959-971. (Published).
  • Belluau, M. Shipley, B. (2017). Predicting habitat affinities of herbaceous dicots to soil wetness based on physiological traits of drought tolerance. Annals of Botany 119 1073-1084. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., Belluau, M. et al. (2017). Predicting habitat affinities of plant species using commonly measured functional traits. Journal of Vegetation Science 28 1082-1095. (In Press).
  • Ameztegui, A., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Heym, M., Messier, C., Gravel, D. (2017). Shade tolerance and the functional trait – demography relationship in temperate and boreal forests. Functional Ecology 31 821-830. (Published).
  • Garnier, E., Stahl, U., Laporte, M.-A., Kattge, J., Mougenot, I., Kuehn, I., Laporte, B., Amiaud, B., Ahrestani, F., Bönisch, G., Bunker, D., Cornelissen, J., Díaz, S., Enquist, B., Gachet, S., Jaureguiberry, P., Kleyer, M., Lavorel, S., Maicher, L., Pérez-Harguindeguy, N., Poorter, H., Schildhauer, M., Shipley, B., Violle, C., Weiher, E., Wirth, C., Wright, I., Klotz, S. (2017). Towards a thesaurus of plant characteristics: an ecological contribution. Journal of Ecology 105 298-309. (Published).
  • Pierce, S., Shipley, B. + 40 others. (2016). A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes worldwide. Functional Ecology 31 444-457. (Published).
  • Loranger, J., Blonder, B., Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Vile, D., Violle, C. (2016). Occupancy and overlap in trait space along a successional gradient in Mediterranean old-fields. American Journal of Botany 103 1050-1060. (Published).
  • Nina Pourhassan, N., Bruno, S., Davidson Jewell, M., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Jean-Philippe Bellenger, J.-P. (2016). Phosphorus and micronutrient dynamics during gymnosperm and angiosperm litters decomposition in temperate cold forest from Eastern Canada. Geoderma 273 25-31. (Published).
  • Loranger, J., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Lavorel,S., Bonis, A., Cruz, P.,, Louault, F., Loucougaray, G., Mesléard, F., Yavercovski, N., Garnier, E. (2016). Recasting the dynamic equilibrium model through a functional lens: the interplay of trait-based community assembly and climate. Journal of Ecology 104 781-791. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., De Bello, F., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Laliberté, E., Laughlin, D.C., Reich, P.B. (2016). Reinforcing loose foundation stones in trait-based plant ecology. Oecologia 180 923-932. (Published).
  • Diaz, S., Shipley, B. + 34 others. (2016). The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature 529 167–171. (Published).
  • Aubin, I., Munson, A., Cardou, F., Burton, P.J., Isabel, N., Pedlar, J.H., Paquette, A., Taylor, A.R., Delagrange, S., Kebli, H., Messier, C., Shipley, B., Valladares, F., Kattge, J., Boisvert-Marsh, L., McKenney, D. (2016). Traits to stay, traits to move: a review of functional traits to assess sensitivity and adaptive capacity of temperate andboreal trees to climate change. Environmental Reviews 24 164 - 186. (Published).
  • 1. Siefert, A., Violle,C., Chalmandrier, L., Albert, C.H., Taudiere, A., Fajado, A., Aarssen, L.W., Baraloto, C., Carlucci, M.B., Cianciaruso, M.V., Dantas, V., de Bello, F., Duarte, L.D.S., Fonseca, C.R., Freschet, G.T., Gaucherand, S., Gross, N., Hikosaka, K., Jackson, B., Jung, V., Kamiyama, C., Katabuchi, M., Kembel, S.W., Kichenin, E., Kraft, N.J.B., Lagerström, A., Le Bagousse-Pinguet. Y., Li, Y.*, Mason, N., Messier, J., Nakashizuka, T., Overton, J., Peltzer, D., Pérez-Ramos, I.M., Pillar, V.D., Prentice, H.C., Richardson, S., Sasaki, T., Schamp, B.S., Schöb, C., Shipley, B., Sundqvist, M., Sykes, M.T., Vandewalle, M., Wardle, D.A., Wright, I. (2015). A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities. Global Ecology and Biogeography (In Press).
  • Siefert, A., Shipley, B. + 44 others. (2015). A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities. Ecology Letters 18 1406-1419. (Published).
  • Blonder, B., Vasseur, F., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Enquist, B.J., Vile, D. (2015). Arabidopsis thaliana.Testing models for the leaf economics spectrum with leaf and whole-plant traits in. Annals of Botany Plants 7 plv049. (Published).
  • Blonder, B., Vasseur, F., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Enquist, B.J., Vile, D. (2015). Arabidopsis thaliana.Testing models for the leaf economics spectrum with leaf and whole-plant traits in. Annals of Botany Plants (In Press).
  • Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P.B. (2015). A traits-based test of the home-field advantage in mixed-species tree litter decomposition. Annals of Botany 116 781-788. (Published).
  • Warton, D.I., Shipley, B. & Hastie, T. (2015). CATS regression – a model-based approach to studying trait-based community assembly. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6 389-398. (Published).
  • Shipley, B. (2015). Describing, explaining and predicting community assembly: a convincing trait-based case study. Journal of Vegetation Science 26 615 - 616. (Published).
  • Manning, P., De Vries, F., Tallowin, J., Smith, R., Mortimer, S. Pilgrim, E., Harrison, K., Wright, D., Quirk, H., Benson, J., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, J., Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Wirth, C., Bardgett, R. (2015). Simple measures of climate, soil properties and plant traits predict national scale grassland soil carbon stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology 52 1188-1196. (Published).
  • Tardif*, A., Shipley, B. (2015). The relationship between functional dispersion of mixed-species leaf littermixtures and species’ interactions during decomposition. Oikos 124 1050-1057. (Published).
  • Rivest, D., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Reich, P. & Messier, C. (2015). Tree communities rapidly alter soil microbial resistance and resilience to drought. Functional Ecology 29 570-578. (Published).
  • Tardif, A.*, Shipley, B., Bloor, J.M.G., Sousanna, J.-F. (2014). Can the biomass-ratio hypothesis predict mixed-species litter decomposition along aclimatic gradient?. Annals of Botany 113 843 - 850. (Published).
  • Lohier, T., Jabot, F., Meziane, D., Shipley, B., Reich, P.B., Deffuant, G. (2014). Explaining ontogenetic shifts in root-shoot scaling with transient dynamics. Annals of Botany 114 513-524. (Published).
  • Auger*, S., Shipley, B. (2013). Interspecific and intraspecific trait variation along short environmental gradients in an old-growth temperate forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 24 419–428. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C.; Shipley, B. & Hingrat, Y. (2013). Linking plant and insect traits to understand multitrophic community structure in arid steppes. Functional Ecology 27 786-792. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C.; Shipley, B. & Hingrat, Y. (2013). Linking plant and insect traits to understand multitrophic community structure in arid steppes. Functional Ecology 27 786-792. (Published).
  • Shipley, B. (2013). Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection vs. meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science (In Press).
  • Shipley, B. (2013). Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection vs. meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science 25 55-65. (Published).
  • 11. Loranger*, J., Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Loranger, H., Roscher, C., Wirth, C., Weisser, W.W. (2013). Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: polycultures show strong non-additive effects. Ecology 94 1499-1509. (Published).
  • Shipley, B. (2013). The AIC model selection method applied to path analytic models compared using a d-separation tests. Ecology 94 560-564. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C., Shipley, B. (2013). Trait-based climate change predictions of plant community structure in arid steppes. Journal of Ecology 101 484-492. (Published).
  • de Vries, F., Manning, P., Tallowin, J., Mortimer, S., Pilgrim, E., Harrison, K., Hobbs, P., Quirk, H., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, H., Kattge, J., Bardgett, R. (2012). Abiotic drivers and plant traits explain landscape-scale patterns in soil microbial communities. Ecology Letters 15 1230-1239. (Published).
  • Douma*, J.C. , Shipley, B., Witte, J.P.M., Aerts, R. & van Bodegom, P.M. (2012). Disturbance and resource availability act differently on the same suite of plant traits; revisiting assembly hypotheses. Ecology 93 825-835. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C., Shipley, B., Léger, J.-F., Meziane, D. & Hingrat, Y. (2012). Functional structure of an arid steppe plant community reveals similarities with Grime’s C-S-R theory. Journal of Vegetation Science 23 208-222. (Published).
  • Lachapelle*, P.-P. & Shipley, B. (2012). Interspecific prediction of photosynthetic-light response curves using specific leaf mass and leaf nitrogen content: effects of differences in soil fertility and growth irradiance. Annals of Botany 109 1149-2012. (Published).
  • Loranger, J.*, Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Kern, H. Roscher, C. & Wolfgang W. Weisser, W.W. (2012). Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: evidence from 51 grassland species in experimental monocultures. Ecology 93 2674-2682. (Published).
  • Aulen*, M., Shipley, B., Bradley, R. (2012). Prediction of in situ root decomposition rates in an interspecific context from chemical and morphological traits. Annals of Botany 109 287-297. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., Paine, C.E.T. & Baraloto, C. (2012). Quantifying the importance of local niche-based and stochastic processes to tropical tree community assembly. Ecology 93 760-769. (Published).
  • Sonnier*, G., Shipley, B., Fayolle, A., Navas, M.-L. (2012). Quantifying trait selection driving community assembly: A test in herbaceous plant communities under contrasted land use regimes. Oikos 121 1103-1111. (Published).
  • Tardif*, A., Shipley, B. (2012). Using the biomass-ratio and idiosyncratic hypotheses to predict mixed-species litter decomposition. Annals of Botany 111 135-141. (Published).

Livres

  • Bill Shipley. (2016). Cause and correlation in biology: A user's guide to path analysis, structural equations, and causal inference with R. (2nd). Cambridge University Press. (In Press).

Autres contributions

Activités de collaboration internationale

  • Lecturer. France. Invited to teach a 1-week intensive course based on my 2016 book at the CNRS Montpellier.
  • Lecturer. Netherlands. I was invited to teach a 1-week intensive course based on my 2016 book at Wangingengen University.
  • Lecturer. Netherlands. I was invited to teach a 1-week intensive course in path analysis and structural equation modelling at the University of Wagenigen University.
  • Lecturer. France. I was invited to teach a 1-week intensive course in path analysis and structural equation modelling at the CRNS Montpellier.

Présentations

  • (2020). Atelier sur les équations structurelles. Wageningen, Netherlands
  • (2018). Atelier sur les équation structuelles. Wageningen University, Pays Bas. Wageninnen, Netherlands
  • (2015). Atelier sur les équations structurelle en écologie et évolution. Atelier sur les équations structurelle en écologie et évolution. Montpellier, France
  • (2013). Community assembly through trait selection (CATS): Modelling from incomplete information. Eco-Stats symposium: New opportunities at the interface between ecology and statistics. Sydney, Australia
  • (2013). The history and approach of trait-based ecology; The worldwide leaf economics spectrum; Community assembly by trait selection (CATS). Intensive course in trait-based ecology. Villa de Leyva, Colombia