Shipley, John William

Professeur, Faculté des sciences
FAC. SCIENCES Biologie

Coordonnées

Courriel


819-821-8000, poste 62079


Site Web

Diplômes

(1991) Post-doctorate (Postdoctorate). McGill University.

(1987) Doctorate (Ph.D.). University of Ottawa.

(1983) Bachelor's (Bachelor). Bishop's University.

Présentation

Sujets de recherche

Biodiversity and Biocomplexity, Ecological and Ecophysiological Processes, Environment and Habitats, Plants.

Disciplines de recherche

Biology and Related Sciences, Statistics.

Mots-clés

community assembly, functional ecology, plant ecology, Plant ecophysiology, statistical modelling, trait-based ecology.

Intérêts de recherche

Modelling the interactions between physiological, morphological and ecological attributes that determine differences in relative growth rate in plants.

Langues parlées et écrites

Anglais, Français

Financement

Grant. (Awarded). Principal Investigator. From plant traits to plant communities. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). Discovery. 200000 $ (2019-2024).

Grant. (Awarded). Co-applicant. Accelerating innovations to adapt agro-environments to climate change: The Eastern Canadian Plant Phenotyping Platform. Canadian Foundation for Innovation. Innovation fund. 23798545 $ (2018-2023).

Grant. (Completed). Principal Investigator. Identifying species and planting conditions to revegetate mixed mine tailings at the Whabouchi site operated by Nemaska Lithium in Northern Quebec. Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS). Accelerate. 30000 $ (2019-2020).

Grant. (Completed). Co-applicant. Développement d'une approche durable de restauration progressive d'extrants miniers mixtes (stériles et résidus) des nouvelles mines du Nord Québecois; les espèces végétales indigènes à la rencontre des besoins des communautés cries.. Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies (FRQNT). Projets de recherche orientée en partenariat. 299969 $ (2016-2019).

Grant. (Awarded). Co-applicant. Centre d'étude de la forêt. Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies (FRQNT). Regroupements Stratégiques. 2844000 $ (2013-2019).

Grant. (Awarded). Co-applicant. Centre de Recherche en Écologie Terrestre. Fonds Institutionnel de Recherche de l'Université de Sherbrooke. Programme de financement interne. 90000 $ (2016-2018).

Grant. (Completed). Principal Applicant. Test de généralisation d'une méthode de quantification de fertilité du sol. Mathematics of Information Technology and Complex Systems (MITACS). 6000 $ (2018).

Grant. (Completed). Co-applicant. Vehicles and mobile laboratory for field research in ecology / Véhicules et laboratoire mobile pour la recherche de terrain en écologie. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). equipment. 110651 $ (2017-2018).

Publications

Articles de revue

  • Douma, J. C. Shipley, B. (2021). A multi-group extension to piecewise path analysis. Ecosphere, (Accepted).
  • Shipley, B. Douma, J. C. (2021). Testing piecewise structural equations models in the presence of latent variables and including correlated errors. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, (Accepted).
  • Shipley, B. Tardif, A. (2020). Causal hypotheses accounting for correlations between decomposition rates of different mass fractions of leaf litter. Ecology, (In Press).
  • Gagnon,V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Tardif, A., Beaudin, J., Greer, C. W., Shipley, B., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020). Differences in elemental composition of tailings, soils, and plant tissues following five decades of native plant colonization on a mine site in Northwestern Quebec. Chemosphere, 250, 126243. (Published).
  • Laigle, I., Moretti, M., Rousseau, L., Gravel, D., Venie, L., Handa, I. T., Messier, C., Morris, D., Hazlett, P., Fleming, R., Webster, K., Shipley, B., Aubin, I. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of forest anthropogenic disturbance on above and below ground communities and ecosystem function. Ecosystems, (Accepted).
  • Laigle, I. Moretti, M. Rousseau, L. Gravel, D. Venie, L. Handa, I. T. Messier, C. Morris, D. Hazlett, P. Fleming, R. Webster, K. Shipley, B. Aubin, I. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of forest anthropogenic disturbance on above and below ground communities and ecosystem function. Ecosystems, (Accepted).
  • Juhasz, C.-C., Shipley, B., Gauthier, G., Lecomte, N. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of regional and local climatic factors on trophic interactions in the Arctic tundra. Journal of Animal Eclogy, 89, 704-715. (Published).
  • Cardou, F., Aubin, I., Bergeron, A., Shipley, B. (2020). Functional markers to predict woodland ecosystem properties along a rural-to-urban gradient. Journal of Vegetation Science, 31, 416-428. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., Douma, J.C. (2020). Generalized AIC and chi-squared statistics forpath models consistent with directed acyclic graphs. Ecology, 101(e02960), (In Press).
  • Doau, L. Shipley, B. (2020). Simplifying the protocol for the quantification of generalized soil fertility gradients in plant community ecology. Plant & Soil, 457, 457-468. (Published).
  • Gagnon,V., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Migneault, M., Tardif, A., Garneau, L., Lalonde, S., Beaudin, J., Shipley, B., Greer, C. W., Bellenger, J.-P., Roy, S. (2020). Survival, growth and element translocation by four plant species growing on acidogenic gold mine tailing in Québec. Ecological Engineering, 151, 105855. (In Press).
  • Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Díaz, S., Lavorel, et al. (2020). TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology, 26, 119– 188. (Published).
  • Li, Y., Yuan Jiang, Y., Shipley, B., Li, B., Luo, W., Chen, Y., Zhao, K., He, D., Rodríguez-Hernández, D. I., Chu, C. (2020). The complexity of trait-environment performance landscapes in a local subtropical forest. New Phytologist, (In Press).
  • Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2019). Both habitat filtering and limiting similarity determine the patterns of functional niche occupation in herbaceous plant communities along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Annals of Botany, 124, 861-867. (Published).
  • Kumordzi, B., Aubin, I., Cardou, F., Shipley, B., Violle, C., Johnstone, J., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Brousseau, M., De-Grandpre, L., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N., Gravel, D., Macdonald, S., Hamel, B., Higelin, M., Hebert, F., Isabel, N., Mallik, A., Mcintosh, A., McLaren, J., Messier, C., Morris, D., Thiffault, N., Tremblay, J.-P., Munson, A. (2019). Geographic scale and disturbance influence intraspecific trait variability in leaves and roots of North American understory plants. Functional Ecology, 33, 1771–178. (Published).
  • Tardif, A., Rodrigue-Morin, M., Gagnon, V., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Bellenger, J.-P. (2019). The relative importance of abiotic conditions and subsequent land use on the boreal primary succession of acidogenic mine tailings. Ecological Engineering, 127, 66-74. (Published).
  • Li, Y., Shipley, B. (2018). Community divergence and convergence along experimental gradients of stress and disturbance. Ecology, 99, 775-781. (Published).
  • Casals, P., Valor, T., Rios, A.I., Shipley, B. (2018). Leaf and bark functional traits predict resprouting strategies of understory woody species after prescribed fires. Forest Ecology and Management, 426, 158–174. (Published).
  • Belluau, M., Shipley, B. (2018). Linking hard and soft traits: Physiology,morphology and anatomy interact to determine habitat affinities to soil wateravailability in herbaceous dicots. PLoS ONE, 13, e0193130. (Published).
  • Doau*, L. Shipley, B. (2018). The measurement and quantification of generalized gradients of soil fertility relevant to plant community ecology. Ecology, 100, e02549. (Published).
  • Loranger, J.*, Munoz, F., Shipley, B., Violle, C. (2018). What makes trait-abundance relationships when both environmental filtering and stochastic neutral dynamics are in play?. Oikos, 127, 1735-1745. (Published).
  • Li*, Y.*, Shipley, B., Price, J.N., Dantas, V., Tamme, R., Westoby, M., Siefert, A., Schamp, B.S., Spasojevic, M.J., Jung, V., Laughlin, D.C., Richardson, S.J., Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y., Schöb, C., Gazol, A., Prentice, H.C., Gross, N., Overton, J., Cianciaruso, M.V., Louault, F., Kamiyama, C., Nakashizuka, T., Hikosaka, K., Sasaki, T., Katabuchi, M., Frenette Dussault*, C., Gaucherand, S., Chen, N., Vandewalle, M., Batalha, .M.A. (2017). . Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide. Journal of Ecology, 106, 1001-1009. (Published).
  • Li, Y. Shipley, B. (2017). An experimental test ofCSR theory using a globally calibrated ordination method. PLoS ONE, 12, e0175404. (Published).
  • Li, Y., Shipley, B., Price, J.N., Dantas, V., Tamme, R., Westoby, M., Siefert, A., Schamp, B.S., Spasojevic, M.J., Jung, V., Laughlin, D.C., Richardson, S.J., Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y., Schöb, C., Gazol, A., Prentice, H.C., Gross, N., Overton, J., Cianciaruso, M.V., Louault, F., Kamiyama, C., Nakashizuka, T., Hikosaka, K., Sasaki, T., Katabuchi, M., Frenette Dussault*, C., Gaucherand, S., Chen, N., Vandewalle, M., Batalha, .M.A. (2017). Habitat filtering determines the functional niche occupancy of plant communities worldwide. Journal of Ecology, (In Press).
  • Davidson-Jewell, M., Shipley, B., Low-Décarie, E., Tobner, C., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P. B. (2017). Partitioning the effect of composition and diversity of tree communities on leaf litter decomposition and soil respiration. Oikos, 126, 959-971. (Published).
  • Belluau, M. Shipley, B. (2017). Predicting habitat affinities of herbaceous dicots to soil wetness based on physiological traits of drought tolerance. Annals of Botany, 119, 1073-1084. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., Belluau, M. et al. (2017). Predicting habitat affinities of plant species using commonly measured functional traits. Journal of Vegetation Science, 28, 1082-1095. (In Press).
  • Ameztegui, A., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Heym, M., Messier, C., Gravel, D. (2017). Shade tolerance and the functional trait – demography relationship in temperate and boreal forests. Functional Ecology, 31, 821-830. (Published).
  • Garnier, E., Stahl, U., Laporte, M.-A., Kattge, J., Mougenot, I., Kuehn, I., Laporte, B., Amiaud, B., Ahrestani, F., Bönisch, G., Bunker, D., Cornelissen, J., Díaz, S., Enquist, B., Gachet, S., Jaureguiberry, P., Kleyer, M., Lavorel, S., Maicher, L., Pérez-Harguindeguy, N., Poorter, H., Schildhauer, M., Shipley, B., Violle, C., Weiher, E., Wirth, C., Wright, I., Klotz, S. (2017). Towards a thesaurus of plant characteristics: an ecological contribution. Journal of Ecology, 105, 298-309. (Published).
  • Pierce, S., Shipley, B. + 40 others. (2016). A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes worldwide. Functional Ecology, 31, 444-457. (Published).
  • Loranger, J., Blonder, B., Garnier, E., Shipley, B., Vile, D., Violle, C. (2016). Occupancy and overlap in trait space along a successional gradient in Mediterranean old-fields. American Journal of Botany, 103, 1050-1060. (Published).
  • Nina Pourhassan, N., Bruno, S., Davidson Jewell, M., Shipley, B., Roy, S., Jean-Philippe Bellenger, J.-P. (2016). Phosphorus and micronutrient dynamics during gymnosperm and angiosperm litters decomposition in temperate cold forest from Eastern Canada. Geoderma, 273, 25-31. (Published).
  • Loranger, J., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Lavorel,S., Bonis, A., Cruz, P.,, Louault, F., Loucougaray, G., Mesléard, F., Yavercovski, N., Garnier, E. (2016). Recasting the dynamic equilibrium model through a functional lens: the interplay of trait-based community assembly and climate. Journal of Ecology, 104, 781-791. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., De Bello, F., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Laliberté, E., Laughlin, D.C., Reich, P.B. (2016). Reinforcing loose foundation stones in trait-based plant ecology. Oecologia, 180, 923-932. (Published).
  • Diaz, S., Shipley, B. + 34 others. (2016). The global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature, 529, 167–171. (Published).
  • Aubin, I., Munson, A., Cardou, F., Burton, P.J., Isabel, N., Pedlar, J.H., Paquette, A., Taylor, A.R., Delagrange, S., Kebli, H., Messier, C., Shipley, B., Valladares, F., Kattge, J., Boisvert-Marsh, L., McKenney, D. (2016). Traits to stay, traits to move: a review of functional traits to assess sensitivity and adaptive capacity of temperate andboreal trees to climate change. Environmental Reviews, 24, 164 - 186. (Published).
  • Siefert, A., Shipley, B. + 44 others. (2015). A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities. Ecology Letters, 18, 1406-1419. (Published).
  • 1. Siefert, A., Violle,C., Chalmandrier, L., Albert, C.H., Taudiere, A., Fajado, A., Aarssen, L.W., Baraloto, C., Carlucci, M.B., Cianciaruso, M.V., Dantas, V., de Bello, F., Duarte, L.D.S., Fonseca, C.R., Freschet, G.T., Gaucherand, S., Gross, N., Hikosaka, K., Jackson, B., Jung, V., Kamiyama, C., Katabuchi, M., Kembel, S.W., Kichenin, E., Kraft, N.J.B., Lagerström, A., Le Bagousse-Pinguet. Y., Li, Y.*, Mason, N., Messier, J., Nakashizuka, T., Overton, J., Peltzer, D., Pérez-Ramos, I.M., Pillar, V.D., Prentice, H.C., Richardson, S., Sasaki, T., Schamp, B.S., Schöb, C., Shipley, B., Sundqvist, M., Sykes, M.T., Vandewalle, M., Wardle, D.A., Wright, I. (2015). A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities. Global Ecology and Biogeography, (In Press).
  • Blonder, B., Vasseur, F., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Enquist, B.J., Vile, D. (2015). Arabidopsis thaliana.Testing models for the leaf economics spectrum with leaf and whole-plant traits in. Annals of Botany Plants, (In Press).
  • Blonder, B., Vasseur, F., Violle, C., Shipley, B., Enquist, B.J., Vile, D. (2015). Arabidopsis thaliana.Testing models for the leaf economics spectrum with leaf and whole-plant traits in. Annals of Botany Plants, 7, plv049. (Published).
  • Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Reich, P.B. (2015). A traits-based test of the home-field advantage in mixed-species tree litter decomposition. Annals of Botany, 116, 781-788. (Published).
  • Warton, D.I., Shipley, B. & Hastie, T. (2015). CATS regression – a model-based approach to studying trait-based community assembly. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 389-398. (Published).
  • Shipley, B. (2015). Describing, explaining and predicting community assembly: a convincing trait-based case study. Journal of Vegetation Science, 26, 615 - 616. (Published).
  • Manning, P., De Vries, F., Tallowin, J., Smith, R., Mortimer, S. Pilgrim, E., Harrison, K., Wright, D., Quirk, H., Benson, J., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, J., Kattge, J., Bönisch, G., Wirth, C., Bardgett, R. (2015). Simple measures of climate, soil properties and plant traits predict national scale grassland soil carbon stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52, 1188-1196. (Published).
  • Tardif*, A., Shipley, B. (2015). The relationship between functional dispersion of mixed-species leaf littermixtures and species’ interactions during decomposition. Oikos, 124, 1050-1057. (Published).
  • Rivest, D., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Reich, P. & Messier, C. (2015). Tree communities rapidly alter soil microbial resistance and resilience to drought. Functional Ecology, 29, 570-578. (Published).
  • Tardif, A.*, Shipley, B., Bloor, J.M.G., Sousanna, J.-F. (2014). Can the biomass-ratio hypothesis predict mixed-species litter decomposition along aclimatic gradient?. Annals of Botany, 113, 843 - 850. (Published).
  • Lohier, T., Jabot, F., Meziane, D., Shipley, B., Reich, P.B., Deffuant, G. (2014). Explaining ontogenetic shifts in root-shoot scaling with transient dynamics. Annals of Botany, 114, 513-524. (Published).
  • Auger*, S., Shipley, B. (2013). Interspecific and intraspecific trait variation along short environmental gradients in an old-growth temperate forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 24, 419–428. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C.; Shipley, B. & Hingrat, Y. (2013). Linking plant and insect traits to understand multitrophic community structure in arid steppes. Functional Ecology, 27, 786-792. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C.; Shipley, B. & Hingrat, Y. (2013). Linking plant and insect traits to understand multitrophic community structure in arid steppes. Functional Ecology, 27, 786-792. (Published).
  • Shipley, B. (2013). Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection vs. meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science, 25, 55-65. (Published).
  • Shipley, B. (2013). Measuring and interpreting trait-based selection vs. meta-community effects during local community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science, (In Press).
  • 11. Loranger*, J., Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Loranger, H., Roscher, C., Wirth, C., Weisser, W.W. (2013). Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: polycultures show strong non-additive effects. Ecology, 94, 1499-1509. (Published).
  • Shipley, B. (2013). The AIC model selection method applied to path analytic models compared using a d-separation tests. Ecology, 94, 560-564. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C., Shipley, B. (2013). Trait-based climate change predictions of plant community structure in arid steppes. Journal of Ecology, 101, 484-492. (Published).
  • de Vries, F., Manning, P., Tallowin, J., Mortimer, S., Pilgrim, E., Harrison, K., Hobbs, P., Quirk, H., Shipley, B., Cornelissen, H., Kattge, J., Bardgett, R. (2012). Abiotic drivers and plant traits explain landscape-scale patterns in soil microbial communities. Ecology Letters, 15, 1230-1239. (Published).
  • Douma*, J.C. , Shipley, B., Witte, J.P.M., Aerts, R. & van Bodegom, P.M. (2012). Disturbance and resource availability act differently on the same suite of plant traits; revisiting assembly hypotheses. Ecology, 93, 825-835. (Published).
  • Frenette-Dussault*, C., Shipley, B., Léger, J.-F., Meziane, D. & Hingrat, Y. (2012). Functional structure of an arid steppe plant community reveals similarities with Grime’s C-S-R theory. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23, 208-222. (Published).
  • Lachapelle*, P.-P. & Shipley, B. (2012). Interspecific prediction of photosynthetic-light response curves using specific leaf mass and leaf nitrogen content: effects of differences in soil fertility and growth irradiance. Annals of Botany, 109, 1149-2012. (Published).
  • Loranger, J.*, Meyer, S.T., Shipley, B., Kattge, J., Kern, H. Roscher, C. & Wolfgang W. Weisser, W.W. (2012). Predicting invertebrate herbivory from plant traits: evidence from 51 grassland species in experimental monocultures. Ecology, 93, 2674-2682. (Published).
  • Aulen*, M., Shipley, B., Bradley, R. (2012). Prediction of in situ root decomposition rates in an interspecific context from chemical and morphological traits. Annals of Botany, 109, 287-297. (Published).
  • Shipley, B., Paine, C.E.T. & Baraloto, C. (2012). Quantifying the importance of local niche-based and stochastic processes to tropical tree community assembly. Ecology, 93, 760-769. (Published).
  • Sonnier*, G., Shipley, B., Fayolle, A., Navas, M.-L. (2012). Quantifying trait selection driving community assembly: A test in herbaceous plant communities under contrasted land use regimes. Oikos, 121, 1103-1111. (Published).
  • Tardif*, A., Shipley, B. (2012). Using the biomass-ratio and idiosyncratic hypotheses to predict mixed-species litter decomposition. Annals of Botany, 111, 135-141. (Published).

Livres

  • Bill Shipley. (2016). Cause and correlation in biology: A user's guide to path analysis, structural equations, and causal inference with R. (2nd). Cambridge University Press. (In Press).

Autres contributions

Activités de collaboration internationale

  • Lecturer. (2018). France. Invited to teach a 1-week intensive course based on my 2016 book at the CNRS Montpellier.
  • Lecturer. (2018). Netherlands. I was invited to teach a 1-week intensive course based on my 2016 book at Wangingengen University.
  • Lecturer. (2015). Netherlands. I was invited to teach a 1-week intensive course in path analysis and structural equation modelling at the University of Wagenigen University.
  • Lecturer. (2015). France. I was invited to teach a 1-week intensive course in path analysis and structural equation modelling at the CRNS Montpellier.

Présentations

  • (2020). Atelier sur les équations structurelles. Wageningen, Netherlands.
  • (2018). Atelier sur les équation structuelles. Wageningen University, Pays Bas. Wageninnen, Netherlands.
  • (2015). Atelier sur les équations structurelle en écologie et évolution. Atelier sur les équations structurelle en écologie et évolution. Montpellier, France.
  • (2013). Community assembly through trait selection (CATS): Modelling from incomplete information. Eco-Stats symposium: New opportunities at the interface between ecology and statistics. Sydney, Australia.
  • (2013). The history and approach of trait-based ecology; The worldwide leaf economics spectrum; Community assembly by trait selection (CATS). Intensive course in trait-based ecology. Villa de Leyva, Colombia.