TROVAO, João Pedro

Jr. Eng., Ph.D
Assistant professor

Contact information

Version Française


  • BSc. in Computers and Electrical Engineering (Lic.), Power Systems, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, 1999;
  • Master in Computers and Electrical Engineering (MSc.), Power Systems, University of Coimbra, Portugal, Coimbra, Portugal, 2004;
  • Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, specialization in Power Systems, University of Coimbra, Portugal, Portugal, 2013.

Research expertise and domains

  • Electric vehicles, batteries, supercapacitors, powertrain development
  • Modelling and control of multi-input electrical systems with coupled dynamics (Multi-actuated systems, Multi-source electrical systems, …);
  • Development of generalized real-time energy management strategy using hierarchical approach and metaheuristics implementation;
  • Modelling and control of electric vehicles using Energetic Macroscopic Representation;
  • Multi-sources energy management definitions (Rule-based and Fuzzy logic controller);
  • DSP/FPGA real-time simulation and control of multi-input electrical systems with coupled dynamics. Application to reduced-scale laboratory test benches (HIL approach);
  • Electromechanical Drive Systems: Design and motion control strategies development.

Research activities

Energy storage capacity and driving range are major concerns in Electric Vehicles. The main objective of my research activities is to address these challenges by:

  • developing a reliable energy storage system that exploits the advantages of multiple energy sources that have either high specific energy or high specific power;
  • designing improved power converters and electric motors, and;
  • developing an optimized energy and power management system.

Teaching activities

S7/S8 – Final year projects

Graduate lectures:

  • GEL 340 Électrotechnique (Electrical Systems)
  • GEI 166 Machine synchrone et traction électrique (Synchronous Machine and Electric Traction)
  • GEI 785 Électronique pour traction de forte puissance (Electronics for high power traction Systems)
  • Modélisation et Contrôle de Véhicule Electriques (Electric Vehicle Modeling and Control - in preparation)

Autres liens Web

  • Personal web page (under development)

Recent scientific publications

[IRJ11] PERDIGÃO, M. S.; TROVÃO, J.P.F; ALONSO, M.; J., SARAIVA, E. S.: “Large-Signal Characterization of Power Inductors in EV Bidirectional DC-DC Converters Focused on Core Size Optimization”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2015.

[IRJ10] MACHADO, F.; TROVÃO, J.P.F; ANTUNES, C. H.: “Effectiveness of Supercapacitors as Power-Assist in Pure Electric Vehicle Using a Hybrid Meta-Heuristic Approach”, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2015.2390919.

[IRJ9] NEVES DE MELO, HUGO; TROVÃO, J.P.F; ANTUNES, C. H.; PEREIRINHA, P. G.; JORGE, H.: “An Outlook of Electric Vehicle Daily Use in The Framework of an Energy Management System”, Management of Environmental Quality: an International Journal, 2015.

[IRJ8] TROVÃO, J.P.F; SANTOS, V. D. N.; PEREIRINHA, P. G.; JORGE, H.; ANTUNES, C. H.: “A Real-Time Energy Management Architecture for Multi-Source Electric Vehicles”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2015. doi: 10.1109/TIE.2014.2376883.

[IRJ7] TROVÃO, J.P.F; PEREIRINHA, P. G.: “A Control Scheme for Hybridized Electric Vehicles with an Online Power Follower Management Strategy”, IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, vol.5, no.1, Mar. 2015. doi: 10.1049/iet-est.2013.0038

[IRJ6] TROVÃO, J.P.F.; SANTOS, V.D.N.; PEREIRINHA, P.G.; JORGE, H.M.; ANTUNES, C.H., "A Simulated Annealing Approach for Optimal Power Source Management in a Small EV," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 867-876, Oct. 2013. doi: 10.1109/TSTE.2013.2253139

[IRJ5] JOÃO P. TROVÃO, PAULO G. PEREIRINHA, HUMBERTO M. JORGE, CARLOS HENGGELER ANTUNES, A multi-level energy management system for multi-source electric vehicles – An integrated rule-based meta-heuristic approach, Applied Energy, Volume 105, May 2013, Pages 304-318. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.12.081.

[IRJ4] DE CASTRO, R.; ARAUJO, R.E.; TROVÃO, J.P.F.; PEREIRINHA, P.G.; MELO, P.; FREITAS, D., "Robust DC-Link Control in EVs With Multiple Energy Storage Systems," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol.61, no.8, pp.3553-3565, Oct. 2012. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2012.2208772

Other information

  • Founding member and co-director of the e-TESC Lab. @ UdeS;
  • Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Vehicular Technology Society” (VTS) and “Industrial Electronics Society” (IES);
  • Member of the Engineers Association of Portugal (Ordem dos Engenheiros);
  • Member of the Portuguese Electric Vehicle Association (APVE);
  • Permanent member of the Steering Technical Committee 1 (TC1) of the International Association for Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (ElectrIMACS);
  • Guest editor of IET Electrical Systems in Transportation, special section: “Energy storage and electric power sub-systems for advanced vehicles”;
  • Member of the Scientific Committee of EMR Summer School "Modelling and control using EMR".