Designing gerontechnology for people with dementia (pwd) is a great challenge. It involves a good understanding of their progressive special needs on cognitive and physical aspects. To use these technologies, a training period is necessary. However, we know that, the learning of new skills for PWD is a difficult process on cognitive aspect due to their deficits on working memory.
The main goal of this research has been to propose a design framework of learnability of gerontechnology for pwd to help designers in this process. Two experiments were conducted to determine the facilitators and barriers playing a role in the learnability of gerontechnology, and explore the use of multilayer approach to help pwd in the learning of how to use this device. Multilayer user interface helps novice users to master the product progressing from simple to more complex interfaces in terms of functionality. The results from the first experiment suggest that familiarity with technology and non-technological domains play a role in the learnability of product. The results of the second experiments shown that (1) the use of multilayer interface is an interesting approach to facilitate the learnability of gerontechnology for a pwd, (2) prior experience of pwd need to taking account in the objectives, composition and sequence of the layers.
Hélène Pigot, Domus laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke
Yannich Adelise, Domus laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke
Pierre-Yves Nivollet, Domus laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke
Raphaël Barfety, Domus laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke (from IUFM Guéret, France)
Hannah Lefumat Domus laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke (from Université Bordeaux II, France)
Adrien Lainé, Domus laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke (from IPB ENSC, France)